Priprave na radioamaterski izpit, 1. del

Danes je potekala VOX konferenca s predavanjem na temo zgodovine, zakonodaje in delno operatorske tehnike za nove radioamaterje v okviru aktivnosti sodelovanja SciDrom-a z radio klubom S59DJR Novo mesto.

Posnetek predavanja je na voljo na naslovu: https://vox.arnes.si/p235bu1xcrx/

  1. Zgodovina radioamaterstva
  2. Mednarodni in slovenski predpisi, ki urejajo radioamatersko in satelitsko storitev
    • .ITU predpisi
    • .CEPT predpisi
    • .Zakoni, predpisi in pogoji za pridobitev dovoljenja za uporabo amaterske radijske postaje v Republiki Sloveniji
  3. Mednarodna in slovenska operaterska pravila in postopki
    • Tablica črkovanja, Q-kod in operaterska kratice
    • Mednarodni signali za nevarnost in postopki ob nesrečah
    • Klicni znaki in IARU razdelitev frekvenčnih pasove
    • Družbenokoristna vloga radioamaterjev
    • Operaterski postopki in vsebina amaterskih radijskih zvez

Prihodnji četrtek nadaljujemo na znanem naslovu: https://vox.arnes.si/ijs_si-scidrom/

Nekaj koristnih povezav

Gradivo predavanj
Ime HAM_tecaj_2014_v1.1_8256362.pdf
Velikost 17.6 mb
URL za ogled https://vox.arnes.si/p4e3dy86m5y/

Zakon o elektronskih komunikacijah

Splošni akt o pogojih za uporabo radijskih frekvenc, namenjenih radioamaterski in radioamaterski satelitski storitvi  <<< — glej 6. člen!

ITU

 

IARUIARU

 

CEPT

 

APEK logo  AKOS – Pregled klicnih znakov

 

IARU in ITU Regije in cone:

Picture

 

Slovenija: IARU regija 1, ITU cona 28, CQ zona 15

 

http://www.itu.hamatlas.eu/Obrysowane/28.jpg

Frekvenčni plan (bandplan)

Regija 1 plan uporabe frekvenc

 

Vaja iz telegrafije

Na spletu >>> LCWO

Windows simulator >>> Morse runner

Android trening >>> IZ2UUF Morse koch

 

QTH lokatorji

Opis sistema QTH lokatorjev

Iskanje po karti

Natančnost na 8 znakov  !!! to je “ločljivost” pol trakta na ŠCNM

 

Slovenska tablica črkovanja:

 

 

 

Q kode:

Code Meaning Sample use
Q Codes Commonly Used by Radio Amateurs
QRG Exact frequency HE TX ON QRG 14205 kHz
QRI Tone (T in the RST code) UR QRI IS 9
QRK Intelligibility (R in the RST code) UR QRK IS 5
QRL This frequency is busy. Used almost exclusively with morse code, usually as a question (QRL? – is this frequency busy?) before transmitting on a new frequency
QRM Man-made interference ANOTHER QSO UP 2 kHz CAUSING LOT OF QRM
QRN Natural interference, e.g. static crashes BAND NOISY TODAY LOT OF QRN
QRO Increase power NEED QRO WHEN PROP POOR
QRP Decrease power QRP TO 5 W (As a mode of operation, a QRP station is five watts or less, a QRPp station one watt or less)
QRQ Send more quickly TIME SHORT PSE QRQ
QRR Temporarily unavailable/away, please wait WILL BE QRR 30 MIN = THAT STN IS QRR NW
QRRR Land distress A non-standard call proposed by ARRL for land-based or railroad emergency traffic in situations where response from ships at sea (which listened for SOS) was neither needed nor desired.[2][3] Now deprecated.
QRS Send more slowly PSE QRS NEW TO CW (QRS operation – a slower dot rate – is useful during weak-signal conditions; a QRSS mode uses an extremely low code rate on a channel less than 1Hz wide to allow reception under extreme QRP conditions)
QRT Stop sending ENJOYED TALKING 2 U = MUST QRT FER DINNER NW
QRU Have you anything for me? QRU? ABOUT TO QRT
QRV I am ready WL U BE QRV IN UPCOMING CONTEST?
QRX Will call you again QRX @ 1500H
QRZ You are being called by ________. QRZ? UR VY WEAK (Only someone who has previously called should reply)
QSA Signal strength UR QSA IS 5
QSB Fading of signal THERE IS QSB ON UR SIG
QSD Your keying is defective QSD CK YR TX
QSK Break-in I CAN HR U DURING MY SIGS PSE QSK
QSL I Acknowledge receipt QSL UR LAST TX = PSE QSL VIA BURO (i.e. please send me a card confirming this contact).
QSM Repeat last message QRM DROWNED UR LAST MSG OUT = PSE QSM
QSN I heard you QSN YESTERDAY ON 7005 kHz
QSO A conversation TNX QSO 73
QSP Relay PSE QSP THIS MSG TO MY FRIEND
QST General call to all stations QST: QRG ALLOCS HV CHGD
QSX I am listening on … frequency QSX 14200 TO 14210 kHz
QSY Shift to transmit on … LETS QSY UP 5 kHz
QTA Disregard last message QTA, DID NOT MEAN THAT
QTC Traffic STN WID EMRG QTC PSE GA
QTH Location QTH IS SOUTH PARK CO
QTR Exact time QTR IS 2000 Z

 

Okrajšave

bbreviation Meaning Abbreviation Meaning
CW Abbreviations
AA All After OB Old Boy
AB All Before OC Old Chap
ABT About OM Old Man
ADEE Addressee OP Operator
ADR Address OPR Operator
AGN Again OT Old Timer
AM Amplitude Modulation PBL Preamble
ANT Antenna PKG Package
BCI Broadcast Interference PSE Please
BCL Broadcast listener PT Point
BCNU Be seeing you PWR Power
BK Break in PX Press
BN Between, Been R Received, Are
BT Separation RC Ragchew
BTR Better RCD Received
Bug Semi automatic key RCVR Receiver
C Yes, Correct REF Refer to
CFM Confirm, I confirm RFI Radio Frequency Interference
CK Check RIG Station Equipment
CKT Circuit RPT Repeat, Report
CL Closing Station, Call RTTY Radioteletype
CLBK Callbook RST Readability Strength Tone
CLD Called RX Receive, receiver
CLG Calling SASE Self addressed stamped envelope
CNT Cant SED Said
CONDX Conditions SEZ Says
CQ Calling any station SGD Signed
CU See you SIG Signature, Signal
CUL See you later SINE Personal initials or nickname
CUM Come SKED Schedule
CW Continuous Wave SRI Sorry
DA day SS Sweepstakes
DE From, From this SSB Single Sideband
DIFF Difference STN Station
DLD & DLVD Delivered SUM Some
DN Down SVC Service
DR Delivered T Zero
DX Distance TFC Traffic
EL Element TMW Tomorrow
ES And TKS & TNX Thanks
FB Fine business TR & TX Transmit
FER For T/R Transmit/Receive
FM Frequency Modulation, From TRIX Tricks
GA Go ahead, Good afternoon TT That
GB Goodbye, God Bless TTS That is
GD Good TU Thank you
GE Good Evening TVI Television interference
GESS Guess TX Transmitter, Transmit
GG Going TXT text
GM Good Morning U You
GN Good Night UR You’re Your
GND Ground URS Yours
GUD Good VFB Very Fine Business
GV Give VFO Variable Frequency Oscillator
HH Error sending VY Very
HI HI Laughter W Watts
HR Hear WA Word After
HV Have WD Word
HW How, Copy? WDS Words
IMI Repeat, say again WKD Worked
LNG long WKG Working
LTR Later WPM Words per minute
LVG Leaving WRD Word
MA & MILLS Milliamperes WX Weather
MSG Message TXVR Transceiver
N No, Nine XMTR Transmitter
NCS Net Control Station XTL Crystal
ND Nothing Doing XYL, YF Wife
NM No More YL Young Lady
NR Number YR Year
NW Now , Resume transmission 73 Best Regards

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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